Glossary Of Terms

  • API Application: Programming interface which enables an application to "connect" to exchange data.
  • Application: A software programme which enables one or more tasks or functions to be carried out.
  • Backup: An operation which consists of duplicating and safely storing the data contained on a computer system.
  • Bandwidth: Volume of data exchanged (uploads and downloads) between the CDN and the users that download Files from the Customer. This volume is calculated in bytes.
  • Bot: An automatic or semi-automatic software agent that interacts with servers.
  • CDN: The Content Delivery Network is network of servers which cooperate to make content and data available to users via the internet.
  • Cloud: Technology that uses remote execution resources and storage.
  • Content: The text, information, image, audio or video material and other data placed on the Service by or on behalf of the Customer, including data which the Customer permits third parties to place on the Service.
  • CPU: The Central Processing Unit, or processor, is the server component which executes the computer programmes.
  • CSS (Cascading Style Sheets): A style sheet language used to manage the presentation and formatting of a web page.
  • Customer's Website: A set of pages and content globally accessible via a domain name, which constitute the Customer's Website (with more than one Website constituting "Websites").
  • Data Transfer Rate: Quantity of data transmitted via a communication channel in a given time interval. The speed of an internet connection is generally expressed in kbps (kilobits per second).
  • (D)DOS: (distributed) denial-of-service attack; an attempt to make a machine or network resource unavailable to its intended users.
  • Diagnostic: A set of measures and tests performed out in order to determine or verify the technical aspects of a problem, and to evaluate the cause and effects of it.
  • Domain Name: An identification string (e.g. StuntRocket) and an extension (e.g. .com, .fr etc.), constituting a familiar name which is associated with an IP address.
  • Dynamic Content: Changeable content that varies based on various parameters such as User web browser, session, etc.
  • Firewall: The firewall can be software or hardware-based and it enables adherence to the network security policy, which defines the authorised types of communication on this computer network. It analyses applications and packets.
  • FTP Server: It enables the files to be transferred via the internet or via a local computer network (intranet).
  • gTLD: Generic top-level domain or extension (.com, .biz, .net...).
  • Hard Disk: The Hard Disk (or HD) is a magnetic device for digital data storage.
  • HTML: HyperText Markup Language is a data format designed to display web pages.
  • HTTP Server: The software used to send requests in compliance with the client-server communication protocol; the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).
  • Hyperlink: A hypertext reference in the document currently being viewed which automatically leads to a related document.
  • Incident Service: Service offered by StuntRocket enabling the Customer to declare a technical incident. StuntRocket will perform a diagnostic. If the diagnostic reveals that the incident falls within
  • Instance: Virtual server created on the StuntRocket Public Cloud infrastructure and which enables the development and/or use of application solutions. The Instance, created using cloud computing technologies, includes a Storage Space and a quantity of processor and RAM resources.
  • Intrusion: The unauthorised access of a computer system in order to read its internal data or to use its resources.
  • IP Address: The number which identifies each device connected to the internet. The interface with the network for all computer hardware.
  • Log: A log (or logfile) which chronologically presents all events that have affected a computer system and all actions resulting from these events, in the classic text file format.
  • Mailing List: The mailing or distribution list is a specific email usage which enables the mass sending of information to the users subscribed to the list.
  • Management Interface: The "Manager" space is accessible to the Customer after identification by inputting its customer ID and the corresponding password.
  • MySQL: A free database management system.
  • Object Storage Container: Distributed Storage Space based on the Object Storage architecture (management of data as objects).
  • Order: a request made by the Customer to the Supplier for Services to be supplied under the Terms and Conditions.
  • StuntRocket Account: An invoicing account containing all the functionalities and information related to the StuntRocket billing services. The StuntRocket account can be credited by the Customer and can act as a cash reserve that can be used as a means of payment for invoices issued for new StuntRocket services or renewal of subscribed StuntRocket services. The Customer can also nominate a payment method (such as bank card, bank account) that will enable its invoices to be paid automatically.
  • PHP: A programming language mainly used to produce dynamic web pages via a HTTP server.
  • Piracy: A computer crime which consists of adapting a software design in order to violate the integrity of a system for malicious purposes, or to copy information without permission to distribute or sell it.
  • Port Scanning: A technique for finding the open ports of a network server.
  • Proxy: A software component which acts as an intermediary by placing itself between two others to facilitate or supervise their exchanges.
  • Rack: A cabinet used to store the servers and other computer or telecoms equipment.
  • RAID Technology: Techniques enabling the same data to be stored on several hard disks in order to improve the fault tolerance, security, and performance of the unit.
  • RAM (Random-Access Memory): The computer storage memory system used by the server when processing data.
  • Registrar: A service provider which provides domain name registration and management. The registrars are accredited by the registry.
  • Registry: An entity (in the form of a company or an association) responsible for the organisation, administration and management of an extension (.com, .fr. .eu, etc). Registry duties include database and public research centre maintenance, registrar accreditation, registration of domain names requested by the accredited registrars, and operating the servers.
  • Remote Storage: (Public Cloud) Storage attached to an Instance via a network. Remote Storage can be distributed or not, and have different levels of redundancy (replication). Remote Storage (including data stored on it) is deleted when the Instance to which it is attached is deleted or reinstalled.
  • Root: Special user rights for the UNIX operating system.
  • Router: Intermediary element on a computer network which forwards data packets.
  • Rsync: A free file synchronisation software programme distributed under GNU GPL licence.
  • Service: all services provided by the Supplier to the Customer in accordance with the Terms and Conditions.
  • Snapshot: Logical volumes which enable a coherent backup to be made of another logical volume, from the same group of volumes. Creating a snapshot consists of taking a "photo" of the state of the target logical volume, which is used to save modifications made to target logical volume.
  • Software Application: A type of software designed to automate user activities.
  • Source Code: A set of instructions written in a high level computer programming language, which is comprehensible to a trained human being, and can be used to produce a computer programme.
  • Spamming: The sending of unsolicited bulk emails.
  • Spoofing: or electronic identity theft. A technique which consists of concealing the true address that an email has been sent from, and replacing it with a fake one.
  • SSD: The Solid-State Drive is a flash memory hard disk enabling a faster startup speed than the standard hard disk.
  • SSH: A secure communications protocol.
  • SSL Protocol: A data transfer security standard used for data encryption, and authentication of the server and all messages, notably used by online payment and transaction systems.
  • Static Content: Content that doesn't change, consisting of things like CSS or images, not intended to be viewed differently on the website by two different users.
  • Storage Space: The disk space allocated to the Customer enabling it to store the data of the Virtual Machine in the Virtual Datacentre in a centralised and secure manner.
  • Terminal: The peripheral device(s) enabling communication with a server.
  • Traffic: Refers to the flow of information circulating on the global computer networks.
  • URL: The uniform resource locator is an internet resource address (e.g. file). The format of a URL is a universal standard with the following structure: http://www.example.com/search/index.html
  • VPN: A virtual private network (VPN) extends a private network across a public network, such as the Internet. It enables a computer to send and receive data across shared or public networks as if it were directly connected to the private network, while benefiting from the functionality, security and management policies of the private network.
  • Web Requests: Requests made the web browser to the HTTP server when attempting to download a web page.
  • XSS: Cross-site scripting (XSS) is a type of computer security vulnerability typically found in applications.
Document updated: 15th June 2018